GAGE, Horatio Nelson

GAGE, Horatio Nelson

Male 1824 - 1878  (54 years)

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name GAGE, Horatio Nelson 
    Born 24 Aug 1824  Cambridge Springs, Crawford, Pennsylvania, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Biography


    • BIOGRAPHY:
      Horatio Nelson Gage and his wife Elizabeth established a ranch in 1873, near the mouth of Duck Creek on the north side of Yellowstone, near the hot springs. Since the area was often subject to Indian attack, Gage dug a series of four tunnels leading out in different directions from his cabin. At the end of each tunnel, he constructed a porthole from which he could check the approach of a potential enemy. Evidently, the scheme worked. In 1877, he built a stage stop to accommodate stagecoach passengers on the line from Miles City to Bozeman, complete with saloon and restaurant, the first in the region. The following year, however, Nelson Gage had a fatal heart attack, leaving Elizabeth with seven children to rear. The widow took over Gage Station and began to farm the homestead as well as invest in cattle. Another family tragedy occurred the year after Nelson Gage died; their son Stephen drowned in the Yellowstone trying to save Nelson Story's foreman and a colt; all perished. Their bodies were not found for five months. The Gages had more troubles; son John accidentally shot brother Horatio in the stomach; he died a few minutes later. Grief stricken, John died within a few months. Elizabeth Gage also lost two daughters who died in Helena. The two surviving children, Josephine and Dora, both married and lived nearby. In January 1882, high winds caused flying sparks to burn down the Gage establishment. Knowing that construction of the railroad was imminent, the Gages rebuilt some of the buildings and opened a road house.
    Biography

    • Leeson’s History of Montana 1735-1885 published in 1885, Page 1123

      GALLATIN COUNTY – Horatio Nelson Gage

      H. N. GAGE
      was born near Isherwood’s Corners, August 18, 1825, and lived in Cambridge township until 1854, at which time he accompanied his brother, Walter R., and his brother-in-law, Daniel Smith, who were then emigrating with their families to Wisconsin. Here he became acquainted with Miss Eliza Blood, a native of Pennsylvania, daughter of John Blood, of Cornplanter, Venango Co., Pa., to whom he was married in the fall of 1855.

      Two years later the three families again took an overland route, and pitched their tents in the then “bleeding Kansas.” After having lived in Kansas a few years, in the spring of 1860 Mr. Gage again moved with his family, and located near Denver, Col., there engaging in stock business for some years. He thought it was getting too thickly settled in Colorado, and rounding up his herd he started for the Yellowstone country, locating in that valley in 1874. At that time it was a wild country. Mr. Gage feared encounters with the Indians, and to protect his family he built his houses so he could go under the ground in four different places where he had port holes at the top of the ground some distance from the house. For twelve months they never saw a white woman, and very seldom saw a white man.

      The next fall old Fort Pease was established, and there was a little travel with hunters and trappers, and mail was carried once a week by soldiers. Gage’s Station was the first home station from Fort Ellis. The soldiers of Ellis tried to induce Mr. Gage to move back to the settlements, but he replied that he came there to stay and make it his home, and he went to improving his ranch when he had to keep a man on guard on the hill back of their house while he was at work. Men were killed on both sides of him, and he had horses stolen and cattle killed immediately in front of him, but Mr. Gage being a very cool man stayed upon his ranch and kept on improving it. In 1875 the mail was carried by the government (P. P. Clark being contractor) by pony express three times a week, Gage’s Station being home station from Bozeman. The country from that time began to open up. Mr. Gage died in 1878, of ulceration of the lungs, leaving a widow and seven children to mourn his loss. Mrs. Gage still stays at their old location, Gage’s Station, where she is engaged in raising stock and farming. She lost a son, Stephen Gage, by drowning, in the Yellowstone river in 1879. Two daughters, Clara and Edena, are at St. Vincent’s Academy, Helena. 
    Census (desc) 1850  Rockdale Township, Crawford, Pennsylvania, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    living with his parents 
    Census (desc) 1865  Capioma Township, Nemaha, Kansas, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    working as a farmer 
    Address:
    state census 
    Census (desc) 1870  Douglas, Colorado, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    working as a farmer 
    _UID B4CB7291E9F4D44E895345C8472390B21696 
    Buried 1878  Sweet Grass, Montana, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 9 Sep 1878  Bensons Landing, Park Co., MT Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Cause: of a heart attack 
    Person ID I5041  Our Ancestry
    Last Modified 6 Jun 2011 

    Father GAGE, Richard,   b. 23 Jul 1786, Ferrisburgh, Addison, Vermont, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Mar 1870, Cambridge Springs, Crawford, Pennsylvania, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 83 years) 
    Mother ALFORD, Clarissa,   b. 8 Sep 1791, Ferrisburgh, Addison, Vermont, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Apr 1865, Cambridge Springs, Crawford, Pennsylvania, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years) 
    Married 11 Jun 1807 
    Family ID F1155  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family BLOOD, Elizabeth R.,   b. 19 Dec 1833, Oil City, Venango, Pennsylvania, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1883, Big Timber, Sweet Grass, Montana, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years) 
    Married 1855  Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. GAGE, Stephen P.,   b. 1857, Wisconsin, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Jul 1879, Gallatin, Montana, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 22 years)
    +2. GAGE, Dora Mae,   b. 4 Mar 1860, Nemaha Township, Nemaha, Kansas, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Oct 1914, Big Timber, Sweet Grass, Montana, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 54 years)
    +3. GAGE, Josephine,   b. 20 May 1864, Douglas, Colorado, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Rexburg, Madison, Idaho, United States Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. GAGE, Clarissa,   b. 1866, Douglas, Colorado, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Feb 1881, Helena, Lewis and Clark, Montana, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 15 years)
     5. GAGE, Edna,   b. 1869, Douglas, Colorado, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1882, Billings, Yellowstone, Montana, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 13 years)
     6. GAGE, Horatio Nelson Jr.,   b. 1870, Douglas, Colorado, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1891  (Age 21 years)
     7. GAGE, John,   b. 1874, Douglas, Colorado, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1892, Big Timber, Sweet Grass, Montana, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 18 years)
     8. GAGE, Montgomery,   b. 1876,   d. 1876  (Age 0 years)
    Last Modified 17 Jan 2021 
    Family ID F1574  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Horatio_Nelson_Gage.jpg
    Horatio_Nelson_Gage.jpg

  • Sources 
    1. [S1054] Al Rich / Ancestry.com.