HAMMOND, Lt. Thomas Clark

HAMMOND, Lt. Thomas Clark

Male 1819 - 1846  (27 years)

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name HAMMOND, Thomas Clark 
    Prefix Lt. 
    Born 27 Aug 1819  Pennsylvania, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Calculated from date of death.
    Gender Male 
    Military 1846  Escondido, San Diego, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Address:
    San Pasqual 

    • On December 6, his (Brigadier General Stephen Watts Kearny) command met and was nearly decimated by a body of Mexican soldiers under Gen. Andres Pico at San Pasqual, about 40 miles from San Diego. In the engagement Kearny had 300 men, composed of Volunteers and Companies B and C of the 1st Dragoons. The enemy was charged by Capt. Abraham Johnston with the advance guard. Captain Johnston was shot fatally at the commencement of the action. Captain Moore pursued the retreating Mexicans but his horses were tiring. Seeing the lagging mounts, the Mexicans turned and charged with lances. Forced back, Moore was killed just before the final retreat. Lieutenant Hammond, two sergeants, two corporals and ten dragoons died also. The flagging mules of the rest of the men finally caught up with the battle and Kearny routed the enemy.

      The price was high. In the action the Dragoons lost three officers: Capt. Benjamin Moore, who had arrived at Fort Scott with the first contingent of Dragoons and commanded until October, 1842; Capt. Abraham Johnston, a close friend of Swords and frequent visitor to Fort Scott; and Lt. Thomas C. Hammond, who was assigned to Fort Scott in 1843. Fourteen dragoons were killed and almost all with lance thrusts. General Kearny and two other officers were wounded in the engagement. By the end of December, General Kearny with Company C of the Dragoons had occupied Los Angeles.
    _UID 68E9B0D72FE5674CADA93A8DE0EE88F002DD 
    Died 6 Dec 1846  Escondido, San Diego, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Cause: in battle 
    Address:
    San Pasqual Battlefield 
    • Aged 27 years, 3 months, 9 days.
    Buried Escondido, San Diego, California, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Address:
    the battlefield 
    • Killed in battle - Mexican-American War (1846-1848). Lt. T.C. Hammond and Capt. Moore (brothers-in-law) were buried together under a tree near the battlefield. The tree was used partly as a means to identify the graves initially. The bodies were later moved to another site and later to Ft. Rosecrans. Captain Moore was on horseback when he was struck by the lance of a Californion. In defending himself, he used his sword which broke in half, and he was lanced again. Lt. Hammond died trying to defend Moore and was also lanced.

      From historical research and writings of George Hruby:
      The dead from the Battle of San Pasqual were buried alone in a field just southwest of Old Town. The three officers were buried in separate marked graves while First-Sergeant Otis L. Moore and sixteen remaining personnel were buried in separate unmarked graves. In 1850, five Army officers, some of whom were at the Battle of San Pasqual, made the field into an official cemetery called the San Pasqual Cemetery. It later became known as the Government Graveyard. The cemetery eventually fell into disrepair. In 1874, the remains of the fallen San Pasqual soldiers were again removed and reinterred at a location near Mission Bay. When the dead soldiers from San Pasqual were reinterred, the two remaining officers (Moore and Hammond) were again buried in separately marked plots.

      Sometime between 1888-1889, the remains of Moore and Hammon were exhumed and transported by wagon to Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery. There, the two officers were buried in individually marked plots.
    Person ID I942  Our Ancestry
    Last Modified 15 Nov 2020 

    Father HAMMOND, Gen. Robert Hanna,   b. 28 Apr 1791, Turbot Township, Northumberland, Pennsylvania, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Jun 1847  (Age 56 years) 
    Mother CLARK, Elizabeth,   b. 10 Sep 1793, Pennsylvania, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 May 1870  (Age 76 years) 
    Married 4 Nov 1818  [3
    • Elizabeth was the widow of Rev. Phillip Gloninger.
    Family ID F215  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family HUGHES, Mary Alexander,   b. 1827, Surry, North Carolina, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Mar 1861, Platte City, Platte, Missouri, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 34 years) 
    Married 28 Jan 1845  Pilot Knob, Iron, Missouri, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. HAMMOND, Dr. Thomas Clark Jr.,   b. 22 May 1846, Woodruff, Platte, Missouri, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Jul 1932, May Township, Platte, Missouri, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 86 years)
    Last Modified 17 Jan 2021 
    Family ID F2584  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Lt_Thomas_Clark_Hammond.jpg
    Lt_Thomas_Clark_Hammond.jpg

  • Sources 
    1. [S1132] Find-A-Grave, Memorial# 77283536.

    2. [S1132] Find-A-Grave, Memorial# 79141630.

    3. [S1045] Miltonian, 1818.